Aesse to resurge of the philosophy of the spirit and the nationalism, joins it more reaction aoRealismo with the proposal of a literature directed toward the forasinteriores of the man, for its psychological and transcendental dimension, beirandoo mstico and the irrational. This literary trend received influence diretado French Symbolism, that in 1886 already launches its bases. RELATION BETWEEN ATEORIA OF the CORRESPONDENCES AND POETS DECADENTISTAS With Baudelaire appears the theory of the correspondences that considers umprocesso cosmic of approach between the physical realities and metafsicasque if express through the sinestesias (metaphors that consist natransferncia or crossing of perception of a direction for another one, that is, afuso, in one only act of perception, two sensible or – more former ones. music candy); theory of that the imagination is the essential college of the artist, because it to permiterecriar the reality. Of it the Symbolism inherited: the drunkeness of the sensations, ointimismo in the poetry, the proposal of ' ' correspondncia' '. Afase of the Symbolism, phase of preparation, negation, protest is understood for embryonic decadentismo, deindividualismo. The volpia for the anarchy, osatanismo, the perversions, the morbidezes, the pessimism, the horror of the realidadebanal stated the decadentistas; they searched a universe chimerical as form to escape to civilizaocorrupta (retaken of the romantic escapes). The decade of 70 is realistic eparnasiana, the step that of 80 if becomes decadentista and simbolista, cultivandouma poetry of suggestion and musicalidade, correspondences and interrelaes desentidos, and a literary life marked by the eccentricity, artifice, insnia. The change is gradual, and if it evidences with the increasing influence of Baudelaire, Mallarm, Verlaine and Rimbaud, as the great masters of the poetry not objective descriptive eno. For 1880 return, it is spread idea of decadentismo, characterized in 1881 for Paul Bourget in an article where it identifies oestado of decay with Baudelaire, mstico, libertine and analyzer, typical deuma series of individuals ' ' incapable to find its proper place in trabalhodo mundo' ' , discerning it stops with ' ' the incurable mask of its destino' ' , extreme eindividualistas pessimists, wanting to submit the world to its necessidadesntimas, and feeling the time as of crisis and boredom, fatigue and degeneration, dissolution and me the conscience.