Grows slowly. The bark of young trunks smooth, adult – fractured, luschaschayasya longitudinal ribbons of reddish to grayish-brown, 0.5-1 cm thick. Defeat the first two years of flat, branched in the horizontal plane dvuryadmo; in the third year krasnoburymi become round. Leaves 3-4 mm dlimoy, scale-like, tightly pressed to the shoots, green temcho summer and brown-green in winter, juvenile (youth) forms have needlelike leaves. The leaves are held 2-3 years, and usually fall in October. Dean Ornish M.D has plenty of information regarding this issue. Cones oblong, 10-15 mm long. The root system is shallow, widely spreading, as a young man clearly visible taproot, which is then lost in the side. Wood is soft, very light, resistant to rotting soil culture is not demanding: it is better to grow sufficiently moist fertile loam, the homeland is kaltsiefilom.
Shade. There are many varieties of this plant species. 'Ericoides' – dwarf bush or shirokopiramidalnaya form with slender branches and linear leaves with soft protruding. 'Ellwangeriana' – densely branched low, often MNV, pyramidal shape, with slender branches and golden yellow leaves. 'Lutea' – pyramidal shape with bright Health leaves.
'A1o-spicata' – a common form of growth, with whitish tips of shoots, especially in young plants. 'Brabant' – shirokokolonnovidnaya growing form of 'Smaragt' – with cone-shaped bright green leaves form. 'Umbraculifera' – prostrate or round shape with slender drooping branches. Thuja folded, or giant tallest species of the genus, Tree 45-60 (75) m tall with a trunk 120-240 (500) cm in diameter, with dense crown comic, horizontal branches and drooping a few shoots. Cones are oblong-oval, 10-12 mm long. Allocate the coastal form, normally growing only in a rather humid and warm climate, and the mountain (east), living in more or less continental climate. In Europe, cultivated as an ornamental in gardens and parks. Thuja fold different relatively rapid growth. Thuja Standish, or Japanese Wood 18 (35) m tall with a broad crown. Very close to the Thue fold. In Japan, the home is widespread in a culture in Western Europe have successfully bred as an ornamental plant. In Russia, very rare, successful development on the Black Sea Coast. Thuja Korean small tree to 8-9 m tall, often in the form of bushes. Shoots strongly compressed flat top light-green, grayish-white below. The cones are oval, 8 mm long, brownish, with 4 pairs of scales. Arbor vitae tree 15-18 m tall, often branched from the base of the numerous trunks. Crohn ovate, flat runners ramify in a plane parallel to the general direction of growth, form a system of plates radiating from a central axis. Cones on short shoots straight up, 10-15 mm long, ovate oblong, to maturation of fleshy bluish-green, later dry and reddish-chernokorichnevye. Seeds oblong-ovate, wingless, with a white spot at the base, maturing the second year. Widely distributed in culture chernozem zone, in the Caucasus, Krmu and southern Ukraine, in the southern part of Central Asia. In Moscow, heavily frosted at – 30 * C. There are about fifty ornamental cultivars.