surrounding tissue retroperitoneum and abdomen, and later transferred to other organs and systems. What is the cause of acute pancreatitis * Gallstones. * The systematic use of alcohol. Cardiologist may also support this cause. * Trauma. Acute pancreatitis can cause blunt trauma with rupture of the ducts, transaction handling, etc.
* Viruses, worms, hypertonicity sphincter of Oddi, foreign bodies, etc. * Mixed – acute pancreatitis multifactor etiology – with two or more reasons. Trypsin – pancreatic enzymes activates other pancreatic enzymes, which cause "samoperevarivanie" body, and can come into the abdominal cavity and systemic circulation, engage in inflammatory process other organs and systems. In parallel with this process in the body produced factors of inflammation – histamine, interleukins, prostaglandins and other immune Violated protection. The pancreas is destroyed its own enzymes, and it formed foci of necrosis (dead areas). Further pathogenic process is beyond the region of the pancreas.
Microorganisms from the gut penetrate the weakened areas and inflammation associated bacterial infection. The development of acute pancreatitis is divided into two major phases. Phase I: formed an inflammatory reaction, which covers the entire body. Inflammation and necrosis of the pancreas occurs without the participation of bacteria. Second phase: developing infectious complications caused by bacterial toxins and inflammatory factors in the areas of necrosis. Formed system inflammatory reaction septic (infectious-toxic) shock and or septic failure of many organs and systems. What are the different types of acute pancreatitis Acute pancreatitis is classified into obstructive, toxic, traumatic, metabolic, infectious, vascular and mixed – depending on the root causes of disease in the pancreas.